Feed waste on the farm will also indirectly lead to losses!

- Aug 21, 2018 -


In the actual production of the farm, if you want to ask which cost ratio is the highest?

The answer is no doubt: the cost of feed.

But how bad is the waste of feed, have you paid close attention to it?

In addition, the reasons for the waste of feed, have you analyzed it?

Today we will discuss the reasons for feed waste and the countermeasures.


First, waste in the feeding process

1. Sow spray:

In the process of feeding pigs, sometimes we will find that individual sows are not very honest when they are eating. Always take a bite, sip it, and take a sip of it.

If it falls on the aisle, we can still give her back, but if it falls on the bed and then drops the slats, it will cause waste, so every time the delivery room is rushed, it will be found that there is a big one under the bed. Heap feed.

This situation exists almost everywhere under the bed, just a more or less problem.

Prevention and treatment measures:

The phenomenon of sow spraying often occurs when feeding powder, if it is changed to wet mix or soup, it can reduce the waste of this behavior;

Sows with severe sprays can be fed less and slowly correct the behavioral habits of the sows;

In addition, the rubber pad can be laid under the trough, and the blank material can be reused.


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2. The design of the bar is unreasonable:

Some farms' nursery houses and fattening houses use a fully leaked blisters design. The automatic feeders are usually installed between the two columns. The pigs will be arched for the competition when they are eating. Leaking the seam plate, causing great waste.

Prevention and treatment measures:

In this case, a rubber pad can be placed around the feeder to prevent leakage;

It is also possible to install an automatic feeding weighing machine, which feeds each pig individually, prevents feed waste, and weighs how much is eaten;

It is also possible to rectify the bar to achieve the goal of once and for all, but the cost will be higher.


Second, waste in the storage process

The waste caused by the storage of the feed often does not cause enough attention to the pig friend, because the mildew of the feed is not easy to see.

In addition, if too much feed is purchased at one time and the consumption is not complete, the feed may be invalidated due to excessive storage time, resulting in waste.

There are no special feed storage warehouses in the farms, or the warehouse conditions are not ideal. The factors such as water leakage and water seepage will cause the feed to be mildewed and wasted.

Prevention and treatment measures:

The warehouse must take measures to prevent moisture, moisture and rain in advance, such as using wood or moisture-proof mats as a base, keeping a certain distance from the wall when the feed is stacked or applying a waterproof layer to the wall. The storage of the feed must be in a dry and ventilated place;

In the process of using the feed, the principle of “first come, then come” should be followed. The first feed is used first, and then the feed is used later. This can effectively prevent the feed storage time from becoming too long and failing.


Third, the waste caused by rats, insects and birds

According to relevant information:

A million pig farms, if you see mice often at night, indicate that there may be 1,000 mice on the farm.

One mouse consumes 11.4kg of feed in one year, so 1000 mice will consume 11.4t of feed in one year. This waste is shocking.

In addition, pest and bird damage can not be ignored, especially in summer, it is very suitable for the reproduction of aphids, and birds, in addition to stealing feed, may carry pathogens, posing a potential threat to the farm.

Prevention and treatment measures:

According to the situation of the farm, a bird-proof net can be set up around the farm, an anthelmintic can be sprayed around the warehouse, and a rat trap or a rat cage or a rodenticide can be placed inside and outside the warehouse.


Fourth, waste caused by parasites

According to reports: a female aphid can discharge 200,000 eggs per day, and the resistance of the eggs is very strong.

When a pig is infected with a parasite, there will be a phenomenon in which only the meat is not eaten. The parasite sucks nutrients from the host, causing the infected pig to be malnourished, progressively thin, forming a "frozen pig", and some even cause the pig to die. .

Prevention and treatment measures:

At least 2 dewormings are performed on the pigs each year, including deworming and in vitro deworming, and each deworming is performed twice, one week apart.

Usually pay attention to disinfection to do the position and do a good job of cleaning the environment.


Five, pigs are infected with waste caused by disease

1. Sows high sow rate:

Sows are the source of productivity on the farm. Sows that are so hard to breed can cause high abortions during pregnancy if they are infected with certain diseases, which not only causes great harm to the sows, but also consumes a lot of feed.

2. High mortality rate of nursery pigs and fattening pigs:

Some farms may explode certain acute diseases, such as acute swine fever, highly pathogenic blue ear disease, infectious pleuropneumonia, etc., or form a mixed infection, which often causes a large number of pig deaths. This loss is not just a feed. The waste is sometimes devastating to the farm.

Prevention and treatment measures:

Do a good job in vaccine immunization or drug prevention for common diseases, and pay attention to biosafety and sanitation work, which can effectively reduce the incidence of pig farm diseases.

In addition, the breed of pigs is also very important, and the pigs generally grow slowly, so it is very important to save the feed expenses by selecting the pigs.

Feed costs account for as much as 75% of the total cost of pig production, which is the main expense of the farm.

The rational and effective use of feed can maximize the production potential of the farm on the one hand, and reduce feed waste on the other hand to maximize feed efficiency.

In the current phase of the pig cycle, while maintaining reasonable production while striving to save costs, it is a way to tide over the difficulties.