How to provide the right amount of water for broilers?

- Aug 14, 2019-


It has long been recognized that broilers consume approximately 0.77 kg (1.75 lbs) of water per meal of 0.454 kg (1 lb) of feed.


Although this ratio will remain constant throughout the life of the broiler, as the broiler grows up and eats more feed, the demand for water also increases. Our goal should be to try to provide broilers with the water they need to get their weight processed so that the feed they eat is effectively treated. In addition, we should strive to provide drinking water to broilers at a suitable water-to-feed ratio, which will prevent the supply of water from being insufficient or excessive, leading to some of the problems mentioned above due to too much or too little supply.


Of course, the management of drinking water systems can also affect the performance of water transport, such as:

      ◆ Air locks in drinking water systems.

      ◆The installation height of the drinker is too high or too low.

      ◆ The filter and drinker are clogged.

      ◆ Correctly adjust the pressure in the drinking water system piping, and so on.


In terms of drinking water, broilers are indeed limited by their physiological ability to drink water. The water flow in the drinking water system is insufficient and the performance of the broiler is affected. If the flow rate is too high, the water will flow out of the broiler's flesh and flow to the floor.


Ideal water flow for drinkers

For broiler producers, fortunately, the drinking capacity of each chicken of different ages has been calculated and released, thanks to Dr. Berry Lott's research at Mississippi State University. The ideal water flow that meets the feed intake of broilers has been quantified and the following equation has been obtained:



(broiler age × 7) + 20 = water flow (mL / min)


So, what conclusions can we or should we draw from this academic and practical information? The answer is: we need to choose the desired nipple drinker based on the “best point” of the water flow.


In addition, we need to choose a drinker with an extremely wide water pressure range that is sufficient to achieve this flow rate at this optimum water flow rate. In other words, we need to select and use to provide this flow range, which can be used with 7.6cm and 61cm ~ 76cm water column water column pressure column with a full use of 3 riser pressure "and 24 ~ 30" water column (7.6cm and 61cm ~ 176cm) drinking fountain. This can result in a pressure adjustment scheme that is required to fine tune the required water flow as the broiler grows.


Advantages of the nipple drinker


The advantage of a nipple drinker in designing and using it is that it can provide the correct amount of fresh water to the chicken as needed, without the hygiene problems associated with the use of drinking cups and sinks.


In addition, the properly designed nipple-type drinking system does not leak and does not cause excessive moisture on the floor, thus maintaining good litter quality. Due to these real advantages, the broiler industry has fully embraced the nipple drinking system in just a few years.


To find or evaluate a broiler sprinkler system, consider the following requirements:


      ◆The well-designed nipple drinker will not leak and has a long service life.

      ◆ The flow rate range of the nipple drinker is covering the “optimal water flow point” for broiler drinking water.

      ◆ Drinking fountains with suitable flow rate range can be adjusted under various pressures generated by a suitable capacity storage tower (preferably 24 to 30 inches in length) to provide sufficient adjustment accuracy for fine adjustment of the drinking fountain flow.

      ◆ The drinking water system is designed to produce the amount of water needed for the size of the house and the size and number of chickens to be kept.